National Women’s Day
Her birthday was selected as ‘National Women’s Day’ to recognize the work done by Sarojini Naidu for the development of women in India.
National Women’s Day of India is celebrated on 13 February on the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu. Naidu was an Indian political activist and acclaimed poet. His poetic work earned him the title of ‘Bharat Kokila’.
Sarojini Naidu is known for working on civil rights, women’s liberation and anti-imperialist ideas. He played an important role in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule.
Naidu was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad to a Bengali family. She studied in Chennai, London and Cambridge. She was greatly inspired by the movement of the Indian National Congress for India’s independence from British rule and soon became a follower of the Indian nationalist movement and Mahatma Gandhi.
In 1925, she was appointed a resident of the Indian National Congress and in 1947 she became the Governor of the United Provinces. She was the first woman to hold the post of Governor in the Dominion of India.
About Sarojini Naidu:
• Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879.
• She is known as ‘Bharat Kokila’ of India. She was the first Indian woman president of the Indian National Congress.
• She was not only a freedom fighter, but she also became the first woman governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh.
• She used to consider Gopalkrishna Gokhale as her ‘political father’.
• He had stopped writing poetry in 1919, saddened by the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh.
• Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian National Movement after the partition of Bengal in the year 1905.
• The British government awarded ‘Kaiser-e-Hind’ to Sarojini Naidu for her work during the plague epidemic in India in 1928.
• Sarojini Naidu died on 02 March 1949.